best champagne for mimosa recipe
As you can see, fans of “sparkling” to choose from what. But did you know that different types of glasses were invented for drinking this wonderful drink?
According to the material they can be made of glass or crystal (depending on the price of alcohol and the scale of the celebration).
The form can distinguish several types of champagne glasses:
Champagne flute – special glasses for serving drink. They have the shape of a flute: a thin elongated leg and a narrow high bowl. This is a classic glass with a volume of 120-200 ml. It has a variation when the upper part of the bowl tapers slightly.
Coupe champagne – a glass for tasting sweet types of sparkling wines. It has a wider and flat bowl than a classic wine glass. Its volume is 150 ml. It is inconvenient that bubbles and aroma quickly disappear. But on the receptions of the glasses of this type often build towers. This is a spectacular show: a drink is poured into the top glass, which flows down the waterfall and fills the other glasses in the lower tiers.
Glasses for red wine – can be used for tasting champagne – they better reveal the bouquet of its taste.
You can drink champagne from other glasses – narrow or tulip-shaped (as well as relief, creative, “broken”, designer), but from martini glasses it is not recommended because of the rapid loss of flavor, although “martinki” are quite suitable for some cocktails on based champagne.
best champagne for mimosa recipe
best champagne for mimosa recipe
Types of champagne. Names and manufacturers of champagne
Have you ever thought about what kinds of champagne exist? Varieties are not on the technology of manufacture of various manufacturers, and what varieties are they? Champagne is a unique and mysterious drink.
Unlike other alcoholic alcoholic beverages, it can be served with any dish. Our article will help to understand the types of champagne and find out what are the most sought-after brands from Russian consumers today.
best champagne for mimosa recipe
What drink can be called champagne?
You might be surprised, but only sparkling wine grown in the French province of Champagne can be considered champagne. The rest can be called “sparkling wines.”
In the rest of the French grape regions this drink is called “Cremant”. In Spain, champagne is replaced by the word “Cava”, in Italy – by “Spumante”, and to the south in the province of Piedmont – by “Asti”. In Europe, there is a law that protects the right to carry the name “champagne” only from Champagne.
If you are applying for the title of gourmet, then one knowledge of real champagne in the province of Champagne is not enough for you. The taste of the future of champagne is influenced by many factors.
The decisive value depends on the grape material (variety, weather conditions during ripening, production technology, amount of sugar).
By the number of varieties that go to make a drink, you can divide the types of champagne into two groups:
Vintage – made from only one type of grape, but on condition that the weather conditions during its ripening were favorable. That is, not every year winemakers have the opportunity to make wine. As a rule, special yields are noted no more than three times in ten years. For each vineyard has its own successful years of harvesting grapes, and lists are formed from them. And anyone can find out about it.
Non-installation – on its production takes 3 types of grapes (Chardonnay, Pinot noir and Mene). From 15 to 30% of the grapes are gathered in the last 2-3 years (medium and low variety).
Types of champagne (varieties):
Cuvier de prestige (special or delux) – this variety belongs to luxury drinks that are made from high-quality grapes of the Grand Cru category. Almost all representatives of this drink are aged longer than others and belong to vintage champagne.
Blanc de Blanc – translated from French, means “white from white”. This type of champagne is made from the exclusive white grape varieties Chardonnay.
Blanc de Noir – means “white of black.” To make this drink, only the red grapes of Pinot Mene and Pinot Noir leave.
Rose is a pink champagne, it is produced by combining red and white wine. Due to the soaking of the skin of red grapes in the original wort, the drink gets a pale pink hue.
Variety of sparkling wines by sugar content
In addition to the grape variety from which sparkling wines are produced, there is their classification by the level of sugar content per liter:
6 grams (non-desage or brut natures) – sugar is not added during the production of the drink. It is considered that the sweetener changes the taste of champagne, and does not allow to recognize all the facets of its taste. Due to the fermentation of wine, the amount of sugar is reached to the level of 6 g. Only the most expensive varieties resort to this technology.
15 grams (Brut) – the most popular drink among the rest.
12 – 20 grams (Extra sec or Extra dry) – it is also called “intermediate”. But almost not made due to lack of interest among consumers.
17 – 35 grams (Sec or Dry) – dry (semi-sweet) champagne.
33 – 50 grams (Demi s or Rich) – refers to sweet champagne.
50 grams or more (Duo) – dessert varieties.
About varieties of champagne can talk for a long time. They also include classification according to the type of producers and even according to the volume of the container in which the sparkling wines are poured.
Production technology and types of champagne
“Champagne” according to the law adopted in 1891 in Madrid, can be called varieties of white sparkling wines, which are produced from several grape varieties grown in the province of Champagne according to strictly regulated rules that determine the composition of the soil in the vineyards, the inadmissibility of organic and mineral fertilizers and other features.
For the production of champagne is allowed to use only a variety of Chardonnay, Pinot Mene and Pinot Noir. But even taking into account the above, the climatic features of each season may be more or less favorable for growing grapes, the final taste of the drink also depends on this.
Wine, for the production of which was used one variety of berries grown in a particularly favorable year, is called vintage or milleosym, highly valued, and the label must indicate the year of manufacture. In less favorable years, champagne is produced by blending: wine materials made from the grapes of the last two or three seasons are combined for re-fermentation.
Then, according to the production technology, the obtained wine materials wander either in oak barrels or in metal vats, where alcohol is formed from natural sugar, as in the production of any wine, and carbon dioxide disappears. The resulting product is poured into special thick-walled bottles.
After this, yeast and some sugar are added and placed in a cellar, where secondary fermentation takes place at a certain constant temperature.
The carbon dioxide produced during this fermentation dissolves in the wine, and the finished product becomes an effervescent drink, which is the hallmark of champagne, like other sparkling wines.
To prevent the wine from becoming cloudy and in order to get rid of the yeast sediment, an operation is performed with it, which is called remoutage. After a certain period of aging on the yeast sediment, from 12 months to several years, the bottles of wine in the cellars for some time are turned every day by a certain small degree and tilted down from a horizontal position.
See also: Sparkling wine Mondoro (Mondoro) – description of the drink with a fruity aroma
This leads to the fact that the sediment accumulates on the tube. Then the bottle spout is frozen, the cork is removed, and together with it the frozen slice of wine with sediment is removed, this is called dehydration. In its place, wine with sugar dissolved in it is poured into the bottle. Depending on how much sugar is added, champagne is divided into varieties.
Extra brut – made without the addition of sugar after degolding. Sugar in wine appears only due to fermentation and ranges from 3 to 6 g per liter.
Brut – sugar content is 15 g per liter. This type is most in demand in Europe and is considered the most perfect in taste.
Extra dry (extra sec) – contains from 12 to 20 grams of sugar per liter.
Dry (sec) – with a sugar content of 17-35 g per liter, is dry.
Demi-sex (rich) – semi-dry, contains 33-50 g of sugar per liter.
Doux is sweet. Contains more than 50 grams of sugar per liter.
In addition, on the label of champagne you can see the following notation:
NM – means that champagne is produced by a large company that buys grapes or wine materials for this;
CM – wine produced by the cooperative of winegrowers from their grapes;
RM – wine produced by a company that performs the whole process, from growing grapes to packing bottles in containers;
ND – the company itself does not produce wine, but sells it under its own brand;
MA – owns a brand restaurant or supermarket that sells this brand, but does not produce it;
SR – wine produced by the vineyard owners association;
RC – wine produced by a member of the Association of winegrowers under its own brand.
In addition, the label may indicate the following: “blanc de blance” in the literal translation of “white from white”, indicating that this wine was made from Chardonnay grapes; “Blanc de noirs” – “white from black”, is made from red grapes, such varieties are Pinot Noir and Pinot Menie; “Rose” is pink.
In any case, champagne is a white wine, even if red grapes were used to make it, just when squeezing the juice, the operation was done extremely carefully and no dye from the skin of the berries got into the wort. But in the manufacture of pink champagne skin extract of red varieties in a small amount is added specifically.
Why do you need to know these features? Genuine champagne is a rather expensive product, and it depends on whether you get the satisfaction of buying exactly the kind and variety that you want.
And the most expensive and prestigious wine wears on the label “Delux” or “Cuvees de prestige”, it is made from the grapes of the highest quality in the year when the harvest was extremely successful.
Wine with such a mark is vintage or milleosim, which is also sometimes indicated on the label, and is aged for about 10 years until degorging.
By the number of grape varieties used in the production of grapes, all brands of champagne can be divided into vintage and non-vintage types.
Vintage (millezimnoye) champagne – made only from grapes harvested for one year (millezim), provided that this year was successful for winemaking (it happens 2-3 times for 10 years).
Each wine region (Champagne is not an exception) publishes its list of successful years for growing grapes.
But in the past few years, many manufacturers have ceased to adhere to this rule, which devalued vintage champagne.
Non-installation champagne – produced by mixing three grape varieties allowed for champagne (Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Pinot Menie). These drinks usually contain 15-40% of the wine of the last 2-3 years (medium and low quality backup wine is used).
Cuvees de prestige (special or delux) – the most prestigious drinks that are made from grapes of category Grand Cru.
Most champagne wines of this variety are vintage and aged longer than others. Blanc de blancs (white from white) – made exclusively from white Chardonnay grapes.
Blank de noirs (white of black) – made only from red varieties “Pinot Mene” and “Pinot Noir”.
Rose (rose) – champagne, obtained by mixing red and white wine. The characteristic pink color of the drink gets due to soaking the skin of red grapes in the initial wort.
The following types of champagne are distinguished by their sugar content:
Non-dosage (brut nature) – made without the addition of sugar, as it is believed that it eliminates the taste of champagne. These are the most expensive varieties, for their production requires the best wine materials. Residual sugar in the drink appears due to fermentation, but its content does not exceed 6 grams / liter.
Brut (Brut) is the most common type of sparkling wine with a sugar content of not more than 15 g / l (1.5%). Great for any dishes. Extra sec (Extra-dry) – intermediate grade of champagne, sugar content – 12-20 g / l. Currently, almost not produced due to low popularity among consumers.
Sec (Dry) – dry (semi-sweet) champagne, contains 17-35 grams of sugar per liter. Demi-sec (Rich) – sweet sparkling wines with a sugar content of 33-50 g / l.
Doux – dessert varieties, the amount of sugar in which exceeds 50 g / l.
Types of champagne by type of manufacturer:
NM (Negociant manipulant) – for the production of champagne, the company buys grapes or wine materials. Practically all large manufacturers fall into this group. RM (Recoltant-manipulant) – the wine house is the owner of the vineyards and controls the entire cycle of the production of champagne up to the bottling.
ND (Negociant distributeur) – the company sells champagne under its own brand, but does not produce it. MA (Marque auxiliaire) – the brand does not belong to the vineyard owner or the producer. Often own brands own restaurants and supermarkets.
SR (Societe de recoltants) – champagne produced by the association of winegrowers, controlling several brands.
RC (Recoltant cooperateur) is a cooperative member selling champagne wines under its own brand.
The classification of champagne bottles, depending on their capacity.
In Russia, the classic bottle for champagne is a bottle with a capacity of 0.75 liters. In France, the capacity of a bottle is not measured in liters, but in a special measure of the volume called magnum. In the production of champagne, French winemakers, in addition to the classical (0.75 l or half magnum), use several other types of bottles of different capacities.
Standard – 750 ml bottle; Magnum (Magnum) – 1.5 liters (equivalent to 2 bottles); Jeroboam ((Zheroboam) – two magnums, that is 3 liters; Rehoboam (Reoboam) – three magnums, that is 4.5 liters; Methuselah (Muthusail) – four magnums, that is, 6 liters; Salmanazar (Salmanasar) – contains six magnums , that is, 9 liters; Balthazar (Baltasar) – eight magnums, 12 liters; Nebuchadnezzar (Nebuchadnezzar) – ten magnums, 15 liters. There were previously, but currently these bottles for champagne are not used.
The most common are the half magnum (classic bottle), the magnum, the toads and reoboam. The last two are used as bottles of souvenir sample and are featured at large public events or as representative gifts. The same names are used for bottles of wine and port; however, before Methuselah, other volumes correspond to them.
Champagne: how it happens
SR: societe de recoltants is a community of independent winemakers that produces and pours champagne from the harvest harvested by members of the same community.
ND: negociant distributeur is a wholesale supplier or business community that buys bottled champagne and labels them.
R: recoltant is a winemaker who gives a harvest to a commercial enterprise, pays for the production of champagne, but implements it himself.
MA: marque auxiliaire is a trademark made on request of a reseller that attaches its own label to the bottle.
Champagne is a unique drink, and so that it does not disappoint expectations, you must properly treat it. If the champagne quality, it fits all occasions and all dishes. Any manufacturer, mixing different sepazh or wines from different regions, as well as a special dosing of the cuvee, can give a certain taste to your champagne.
Champagne can be light and strong, fruity or floral, young or ripe, sweet or dry. Of course, the champagne is good and bad, refined and ordinary, harmonious and oversaturated, expensive and not very.
Even one of the most popular champagnes – brut sans millesime (brut without specifying the year) – can have different qualities, it all depends on the manufacturer or winemaker.
Sparkling, young and dry champagne (most often brut non millesime (brut without specifying the year) or blancs de blancs jeunes (white of white youth) is the best aperitif. It is great for seafood.
For caviar and lobster, a stronger brut (brut) is more suitable. Brut (brut) and blanc de blancs (white from white) are harmoniously combined with fish dishes.
The more intricate the taste of the dish, its composition or the sauce served to it, the more complex the taste of champagne should be, in such cases it is recommended to choose millesime (champagne with the year) or rose (pink champagne).
Rare Cuvees Prestige (Cuvee Prestige) are served to very exquisite dishes. Puissant dry champagne is suitable for cheese, whereas for not very sweet desserts it is better to serve dry and semi-dry.
Serve champagne chilled. The ideal temperature is 6–9 ° C. The drink should be cooled gradually. To do this, before and after uncorking the bottle is immersed in a bucket of water and pieces of ice.
It is not recommended to pour champagne into cup-shaped glasses – carbon dioxide and the aroma of the drink quickly evaporate; narrow crystal wine glasses with a long stem are ideal for this drink so that the contents of the glass do not heat up at the touch of a hand.
Types of champagne:
Extra-brut (extra-brut): also called brut non-dose, brut nature (natural), ultra brut (ultra), brut zero (zero), brut integral (full); non-dosed champagne with the lowest sugar content – 2 g / l.
Brut (Brut): sugar content maximum 15 g per liter.
Sec (dry): despite the name, it can contain from 17 to 35 g / l of sugar, which passes liquor added to it before clogging.
Demi-sec (semi-dry): sugar content is from 33 to 50 g / l. This is a dessert wine.
Doux (sweet): rare champagne, the sugar content of which exceeds 50 g / l.
Brut sans millesime (brut without specifying the year): became a world famous symbol, since This kind makes 80% of all made champagne. The taste can be varied.
Blanc de blanc (white from white grapes): produced only on the basis of chardonnay blanc (white chardonnay), fresh, lively champagne, an excellent aperitif.
Blanc de noir (white from dark grapes): Pinot Noir (pinot noir) and pinot meunier champagne, which give it a bright, fruity taste.
Cremant (sparkling champagne): champagne containing carbon dioxide, effervescent and strong, the most recognizable of those produced in Craman, which can not be confused with sparkling champagne from other regions of France.
Rose (pink): sometimes made from red grapes with slightly coloring skin, but more often from a mixture of red and white wines, has a bright fruit flavor, ideal for lunch or dinner.
Millesime (indicating the year): champagne from crops of special years, matured for 3–6 years, continues to ripen in a bottle for several years.
Cuvee prestige, etc. (cuvee prestige): luxuriously finished bottle emphasizes the uniqueness of this drink. Most often these are high-quality and legendary millesime (champagne with the year), sold at a very high price.
Champagne and Caviar: Love in French
When Europeans recognized black caviar as a delicacy (and it happened at the beginning of the last century, of course, Champagne became the “legitimate” companion of black caviar. Since then, champagne and black caviar are perceived as a classic wine-gastronomic union and a symbol of luxury. Speaking of ideal compatibility wines with food in general, two most successful options can be noted: a) champagne and food are ideally combined in their characteristics and seem to melt into each other; b) everything works in contrast, i.e. characteristics are opposite, but complement each other perfectly. Again, a classic example is black caviar. For its fatty and brackish taste, champagne adds acid and freshness. A spoon of caviar – a sip of Krug, another of caviar – more champagne … Endless pleasure: you take one sip with bubbles – and your palate is again ready to accept the caviar. To achieve the perfect balance of balance between champagne and caviar, full-bodied wine should be served, which maintains its salty taste. Only the best wines will be an ideal partner of caviar: Cuvee Dom Perignon (Moet & Chandon), La Grande Dame (Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin), Krug Grande Cuvee, Cristal (Louis Roederer), Sir Winston Churchill (Pol Roger), Grand Siecle (Laurent- Perrier), Clos de Goisses (Philopponnat) and other special cuves and millezyme.